Recommended Readings

Critique of Capital

Primary Sources

Marx, “Wage Labor and Capital” (1847)

Marx, Value, Price and Profit” (1865)

Marx, A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (1859)

Marx, Capital Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3 (1867 / 1885 / 1894)

Marx, Grundrisse (1857-61)

Secondary Sources

I.I. Rubin, Essays on Marx’s Theory of Value (1928)

Fredy Perlman, “Reproduction of Daily Life” (1969)

Fredy Perlman, “Introduction I.I. Rubin” (1968)

Anwar Shaikh, “An Introduction to the History of Crisis Theory” (1978)

Chris Arthur, The New Dialectic and Marx’s Capital (2004)

Heinrich, An Introduction to the Three Volumes of Marx’s Capital (2004)

Open Marxism, Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3

Moishe Postone, Time, Labor and Social Domination (1996)

Kliman, Reclaiming Marx’s Capital (2007)

Simon Clarke, Marx’s Theory of Crisis (1994)

Paul Mattick, Marx and Keynes: The Limits of the Mixed Economy (1969)

Hillel Ticktin, “Decline As a Concept – and its Consequences” (2010)

Rosa Luxemburg, Accumulation of Capital (1913)

Henryk Grossman, Law of the Accumulation and Breakdown (1929)

Anton Pannekoek, “The Theory of the Collapse of Capitalism” (1934)

Werner Bonefeld, Critical Theory and the Critique of Political Economy (2014)

Ernest Mandel, Late Capitalism (1972)

Historical Materialism

Early Works  

Marx, “Theses on Feuerbach” (1845)

Marx & Engels, “Preface” and “Part One” of The German Ideology (1846)

Marx, “Preface” of A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (1859)

Marx, 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte (1852)

Engels, The Peasant War in Germany (1870)

Engels, The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State (1884)

Joseph Dietzgen, Social Democratic Philosophy (1876)

Franz Mehring, On Historical Materialism (1893)

Kautsky, Communism in Central Europe in the Time of the Reformation (1897)

Antonio Labriola, Essays on the Materialistic Conception of History (1896)

Secondary Sources

Bukharin, Historical Materialism: A System of Sociology (1921)

Lukács, History and Class-Consciousness (1923)

Karl Korsch, Marxism and Philosophy (1923)

Franz Jakubowski, Ideology and Superstructure in History (1936)

Henri Lefebvre, Dialectical Materialism (1940)

Althusser, “Contradiction and Overdetermination” (1962)

E.P. Thompson, Making of the English Working Class (1966)

Hobsbawm, “Social History to the History of Society” (1971)
Eugene E. Ruyle, “Mode of Production and Mode of Exploitation: The Mechanical and the Dialectical” (1975)

Brenner, “The Origins of Capitalist Development: A Critique of Neo-Smithian Marxism” (1977)

G.A. Cohen, “Forces and Relations of Production”

Perry Anderson, Passages from Antiquity to Feudalism (1978)

Derek Sayer, The Violence of Abstraction (1987)

Haldon, The State and the Tributary Mode of Production (1993)

E.M. Wood, The Origin of Capitalism (2002)

G.M. Tamas, “Telling the Truth About Class” (2006)

Banaji, “Reconstructing Historical Materialism” (2009)

Banaji, Theory as History (2010)

Chibber, “What Is Living and What Is Dead in the Marxist Theory of History” (2011)

 State Theory

Althusser, “Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses” (1970)

Lucio Colletti, From Rousseau to Lenin (1972)

Etienne Balibar, On the Dictatorship of the Proletariat (1977)

John Holloway and Sol Picciotto, State and Capital: A Marxist Debate (1979)

Simon Clarke, Keynesianism, Monetarism, and the Crisis of the State (1988)

Heide Gerstenberger, Impersonal Power (2007)

David Adam, “Karl Marx and the State” (2010)

Macnair, “Rethinking Imperialism” (2013)

Classical Marxism

Marx & Engels, “Manifesto of the Communist Party” (1847)

Engels, “Principles of Communism” (1847)

Marx, “Address of the Central Committee of the Communist League” (1850)

Marx, Class Struggles in France (1850)

SPD, “Gotha Program” (1875)

Marx, “Critique of the Gotha Program” (1875)

Marx, Civil War in France (1871)

Marx & Guesde, “Program of the Parti Ouvrier” (1880)

Engels, Anti-Duhring (1877)

August Bebel, Woman and Socialism (1879)

 Second International

Orthodox Marxism

Engels, “Critique of the Erfurt Program” (1891)

Kautsky, The Class Struggle (1892)

Kautsky, The Social Revolution & On the Day After the Social Revolution (1902)
Lenin, What Is to Be Done (1902)

Kautsky, Road to Power (1909)

Plekhanov, Fundamental Problems of Marxism (1909)

 Revisionism and the Left

Bernstein, Evolutionary Socialism (1899)

Robert Michels, Political Parties (1911)

Luxemburg, “Reform or Revolution” (1900)

Luxemburg, “The Mass Strike, the Political Party, and the Trade Unions” (1906)

Pannekoek, “Marxist Theory and Revolutionary Tactics” (1912)


Luxemburg, “The Junius Pamphlet” (1915)

“Zimmerwald Manifesto” (1915)

Draft Resolution of the Leftwing Delegates (1915)

Karl Liebknecht, “The Main Enemy Is At Home!” (1915)

Lenin, “The Defeat of One’s Own Government in the Imperialist War” (1915)

Bukharin, Imperialism and World Economy (1915)

Lenin, Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism (1917)

Herman Gorter, “Imperialism, the World War, and Social Democracy”


Carl E. Schorske, German Social Democracy, Development of Great Schism 1905-1917

R. Craig Nation, War on War: Lenin, the Zimmerwald Left and the Origins of Communist Internationalism

 Russian Revolution

The Bolsheviks

Lenin, Two Tactics of Social Democracy in the Democratic Revolution (1905)

Trotsky, Results and Prospects (1906)

Lenin, “April Theses” (1917)

Lenin, “Can the Bolsheviks Retain State Power” (1917)

Lenin, State and Revolution (1917)

Lenin, The Proletarian Revolution and the Renegade Kautsky (1918)

Luxemburg, “The Russian Revolution” (1918)

Trotsky, “The Lessons of October” (1924)

Third International

Bukharin, Programme of the World Revolution (1918)

Lenin, Left-Wing Communism: An Infantile Disorder (1920)

Trotsky, Terrorism and Communism (1920)

Zinoviev, “Theses on the Conditions of Admission to the Communist International”


Rex Wade, Russian Revolution, 1917

Alexander Rabinowitch, Bolsheviks Come To Power

Alexander Rabinowitch, Bolsheviks in Power

John Eric Marot, The October Revolution in Prospect and Retrospect

E.H. Carr, The Bolshevik Revolution, 1917-23, Vol. 1,2,3

Trotsky, History of the Russian Revolution (1930)

Victor Serge, Year One of the Russian Revolution

Alexander Shlyapnikov, On the Eve of 1917 (1923)

S.A. Smith, Red Petrograd: Revolution in the Factories 1917-1918 (1983)

Communist Left

Dutch-German: KAPD and Council Communism

Pannekoek, “World Revolution and Communist Tactics” (1920)

Gorter, “Open Letter to Comrade Lenin” (1920)

KAPD, “Program of the KAPD” (1920)

General Workers Union of Germany, “Guidelines of the AAUD-E” (1920)

Rühle, “The Revolution is Not a Party Affair” (1920)

KAPD, “Theses of the Role of the Party in the Proletarian Revolution” (1921)

“Interventions by the KAPD at the 3rd Congress of the Communist International” (1921)

Group of International Communists, Fundamental Principles of Communist Production (1930)

Group of International Communists, “The Origins of the Movement of Workers’ Councils in Germany” (1938)

Pannekoek, “The Failure of the Working Class” (1946)

Bernard Reichenbach, “The KAPD in retrospect – An interview with a member of the Communist Workers Party of Germany” (1994)

Gilles Dauve & Denis Authier, The Communist Left in Germany 1918-21 (1976)

Italian: Bordigism

Bordiga, “Seize Power or Seize the Factory?” (1920)

Bordiga, “Towards the Establishment of Workers’ Councils in Italy” (1920)

Bordiga, “Party and Class” (1921)

Bordiga, “The Democratic Principle” (1922)

Bordiga, “The Lyons Theses” (1926)

Bordiga, “The Communist Left in the 3rd International” (1926)

Bordiga, “The historical cycles of the political rule of the bourgeoisie” (1947)

Bordiga, “Marxism of the Stammerers” (1952)

Bordiga, “Activism” (1952)

Bordiga, “Fundamentals of Revolutionary Communism” (1957)

Bordiga & Damen, “Beyond the Myth: Five Letters and An Outline of Disagreement” (2012)

Philippe Bourrinet, The Bordigist Current (1999)

Russian: internal opposition

Kollontai, “Workers’ Opposition”

Myasnikov, “Manifesto of the Workers’ Group of the Russian Communist Party”

Paul Avrich, “Bolshevik Opposition to Lenin: G.T. Miasnikov and the Workers Group”

Simon Pirani, Russian Revolution in Retreat, 1920-24

Ronald Kowalski, The Development of “Left Communism” Until 1921: Soviet Russia, Poland, Latvia, and Lithuania

Israel Getzler, Kronstadt 1917-21: The Fate of a Soviet Democracy



Bordiga, “Report on Fascism 4th Congress of IIIrd International” (1922)

Jean Barrot, “Fascism and Anti-Fascism”

Pannekoek, “State Capitalism and Dictatorship”

Korsch, “The Fascist Counter-Revolution”

Bukharin, Economic Theory of the Leisure Class

Reich, The Mass Psychology of Fascism

Adorno et al, The Authoritarian Personality (Studies in Prejudice)

Zeev Sternhell, The Birth of Fascist Ideology

Arthur Rosenberg, “Fascism as a Mass Movement”

Robert Paxton, The Anatomy of Fascism

Sorel, Reflections on Violence

Franz Neuman, Behemoth

Poulantzas, Fascism and Dictatorship


Trotsky, The Revolution Betrayed (1936)

CLR James and Raya Dunayevskaya, State Capitalism and World Revolution (1950)
Ticktin, “Towards a Political Economy of the USSR”

C.J. Arthur, “Epitaph for the USSR: A Clock Without a Spring”

Fitzpatrick, Everyday Stalinism: Ordinary Life in Extraordinary Times

Donald Filzer, Soviet Workers and Stalinist Industrialization

Mike Macnair’s Series of Articles on Stalinism

Marcel Van der Linden, Western Marxism and the Soviet Union

Will Barnes, Bolshevism and Stalinism in the Epoch of Imperialist World War and Proletarian Revolutio

J. Arch Getty, Origins of the Great Purges


French Neocouncilism

Castoriadis, “On the Content of Socialism: Part One and Part Two” (1955)

Debord, Society of the Spectacle (1967)

Riesel, “Preliminaries on Councils and Councilist Organization” (1969)

 French post-Bordigism

Camatte, “Origin and Function of the Party Form” (1961)

Camatte, “The Democratic Mystification” (1969)

Camatte, “On Organization” (1972)

Camatte, The Wandering of Humanity (1973)

Les amis de 4 millions de jeunes travailleurs, “A World Without Money” (1979)
Dauvé & Martin, Eclipse and Re-Emergence of the Communist Movement (1974)

 Italian Autonomism

Tronti, “Lenin In England” (1964)

Tronti, “The Strategy of Refusal” (1965)

Federici & Montano, “Theses on the Mass Worker and Social Capital” (1972)

Negri, “Workers Party Against Work” (1973)

Sergio Bologna, “Class composition and the theory of the party at the origins of the workers’ council movement” (1974)

Raniero Panzieri, “Surplus Value and Planning: Notes on the Reading of Capital” (1976)

Sergio Bologna, “Tribe of Moles” (1977)

Negri, “Domination and Sabotage” (1977)

Lotringer & Marazzi (eds.), Autonomia: Post-Political Politics (1980)

Steve Wright, Storming Heaven (2002)


Kollontai, “Theses on Communist Morality in the Sphere of Marital Relations” (1921)

Kollontai, “Sexual Relations and the Class Struggle” (1921)

Lise Vogel, Marxism and the Oppression of Women

Silvia Federici, Caliban and the Witch

Federici, “Wages Against Housework” (1975)

Christine Delphy, Close to Home: A Materialist Analysis of Women’s Oppression

Leopoldina Fortunadi, Arcane of Reproduction: Housework, Prostitution, Labor and Capital

Dalla Costa & S. James, “The Power of Women and the Subversion of the Community” (1972)

Maria Mies, Patriarchy and Accumulation on a World Scale

Maya Gonzalez, “Communization and the Abolition of Gender”

Mario Mieli, Homosexuality and Liberation

Richard Sites, “The Women’s Liberation Movement in Russia: Feminism, Nihilism, and Bolshevism, 1860 -1930”

Barbara Evens Clements, “Bolshevik Women”

Theorie Communiste, “Gender-Class-Dynamic” & “Comrades, But Women”

Roland Simon, The Conjuncture: a Concept Necessary to the Theory of Communization

Critical Theory

Adorno & Horkheimer, The Dialectic of Enlightenment

Marcuse, Eros and Civilization

Adorno, Minima Moralia

Walter Benjamin, “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction” (1936)

Horkheimer, “The Authoritarian State”

Race and Colonialism

Fanon, Black Skins White Mask (1952)

Fanon, Wretched of the Earth (1963)

Bordiga, “The Colonial Question: An Initial Balance-Sheet” (1958)

Reed, “Black Particularity Reconsidered” (1979)

Bordiga, The Factors of Race and Nation in Marxist Theory

Saxton, Rise and Fall of the White Republic

CLR James, The Black Jacobins (1938)

Rosa Luxemburg, The National Question (1909)

Noel Ignatiev, How the Irish Became White (1995)

David Roediger, Wages of Whiteness (1991)

James A. Geschwender, Class, Race, & Worker Insurgency

Albert Memmi, The Colonizer and the Colonized

Steve Martinot, Rule of Racialization

History of Class Struggle in USA

Jeremy Brecher, Strike! (1972)

Louis Adamic, Dynamite, the Story of Class Violence in America

Theodore Draper, Roots of American Communism (2003)

Dan Georgakas, Detroit I Do Mind Dying (1975)

Thomas J. Sugrue, Origins of the Urban Crisis

Charles Post, The American Road to Capitalism (2011)

Peter Rachleff, Hard Pressed in the Heartland

David Brody, Steelworkers in America

Peter Cole, Wobblies on the Waterfront

Melvyn Dubofsky, We Shall Be All

Joyce Kornbluh, Rebel Voices: An I.W.W. Anthology

Nelson Lichtenstein, Labor’s War at Home

Martin Glaberman, Wartime Strikes in Auto (1980)

Nunzio Pericone, Portrait of a Rebel (2005)


Grandizo Munis, “Unions Against Revolution”

Martin Glaberman, Punching Out and Other Writings
Christopher Tomlins, The State and the Unions
Stan Weir, Singlejack Solidarity

Mouvement Communiste, “Unions and Political Struggle”


 Endnotes 1: Preliminary Materials for a Balance Sheet of the 20th Century (2008)

Dauvé & Nesic, “Communization” (2011)

Noys (ed.), Communization and its Discontents (2011)

Benanav & Clover, “Can Dialectics Break BRICs?” (2014)

 Contemporary Analyses

Przeworski, “Social Democracy as a Historical Phenomenon” (1980)

Brenner, “The Paradox of Social Democracy” (1985)

Brenner, Economics of Global Turbulence (2006)

Lavelle, The Death of Social Democracy (2008)

Macnair, Revolutionary Strategy (2008)

Brenner, “What’s Good for Goldman Sachs is Good for America” (2009)

Michael Roberts, The Great Recession (2009)

Benanav & Clegg, “Misery and Debt” (2010)

Duménil & Lévy, The Crisis of Neoliberalism (2011)

Kliman, The Failure of Capitalist Production (2011)

Mattick Jr., Business as Usual (2011)

Badiou, The Rebirth of History

Goldner, “The Historical Moment that Produced Us” (2010)

Rodgers, Age of Fracture

Davis, Planet of Slums (2006)

Recommended Readings

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s